Energy

Why wind and solar power help to improve power production around the world

Worldwide, we are heading towards the use of even more sources of renewable energy, thus reducing coal reliance. For some of the major nations in the world, this is particularly so. This attempt is showing to be effective in overcoming the unhealthy air quality situation.

Countries such as Britain, Germany, and Australia, for instance, have seen substantial improvements in their production of electricity utilizing wind and solar power. As a large energy production source, policymakers worldwide are dramatically trying to distance themselves from the fossil fuels and focus more on renewable energy.

During the first half of 2020, 10 percent of global electricity was produced from wind and solar power. That number was a mere 5% five years ago. This detail was disclosed in a report by Ember, which is an autonomous climate think tank. For 48 nations, Ember evaluated the national electricity supply, which makes up 83 percent of global electricity output. India also generates 10 percent of its energy using solar and wind power, as per the study, while the US produces 12 percent.

By comparison, Japan, China, and Brazil use solar and wind power to generate 10 percent of their electricity. At about the same time, nations such as Turkey account for 13%, while the European Union accounts for 21%, while the United Kingdom generates 33% of its energy from wind and solar power.

As per the study, in the first part of 2020, coal production dropped by 8.3 percent. Incidentally, in April and May, India’s coal plant consumption also dropped as low as 42 percent, averaging 51 percent this year. In the past, researchers have cautioned that if the world’s rapid emissions are not limited, they will have devastating implications. Disasters have also increased sharply, such as floods, droughts, fires, monsoon shifts, and their existence is getting more devastating.

Moreover, by conflicting with irrigation, drinking water, or even other critical water uses, solar and wind power need virtually no water to function and not pollute water supply or burden supplies. Fossil fuels, on the other hand, will have a major effect on water resources: both the extraction of coal well as the fracking of natural gas can contaminate drinking water supplies, and then all thermal power plants, such as those operated by coal, gas as well as oil, withdraw and use cooling water.

A vast and continuously replenished energy supply can be provided by powerful winds, clear skies, plentiful plant matter, heat from the ground, as well as fast-moving water. These sources only account for a comparatively limited fraction of US electricity, although that may change: research has consistently shown that renewable energies will supply a large share of possible electricity needs, even after considering possible restrictions.

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